The “One Health” concept is founded on an awareness of the major opportunities that exist to protect public health through policies aimed at preventing and controlling pathogens at the level of animal populations and at the interface between humans, animals, and the environment.
The OIE envisages and implements the “One Health” concept as a worldwide collaborative approach to understanding risks to a human, animal, and environmental health as a whole.
Putting the “One Health” vision into practice has been facilitated by a formal alliance among WHO, FAO, and the OIE. Rabies, zoonotic influenza viruses (those causing certain types of avian influenza, for instance), Global Early Warning and Response System, and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) have been selected as priorities.
The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief explanation of the One Health operational framework, including its establishment, main components, road map activities, and key recommendations on how it could be implemented and adapted to each country’s context. Furthermore, we identify systems, mechanisms, and practices to address and respond better to, endemic, emerging, and re-emerging zoonotic diseases in a multisectoral manner.